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North Korea’s 2021 Nuclear Modernization Announcements

Wed, 2021-01-13 10:33
North Korea’s 2021 Nuclear Modernization Announcements


This is a re-post of an essay I just wrote for The National Interest. I discuss the recent announcement at the 8th Workers Party to Congress to significantly modernize and expand the North’s nuclear and missile arsenal.

A lot was announced, but my inclination is to agree with Ankit Panda that the development of battlefield nuclear weapons is the most important announcement. I noted this in my comments to Ankit on Twitter: “These strike me as a battlefield leveler for NK’s military which is technologically far behind. Also South Korea is really dense in just a few places/cities, and it has a few highly vulnerable critical junctures, like the highway Route 1 running through the mountains or Busan port. Battlefield nukes would be ideal for disrupting these junctures.”

The full essay follows the jump:

 

North Korea recently convened the Eighth Congress of its ruling Workers Party. These are, of course, highly scripted affairs, but for outsiders, they offer one of the few windows into North Korean policy-making which we have. The speeches and reports released provide at least a general sense of where the North Korean elite sees the country’s economic development and foreign relations especially.

Much of this year’s focus on has been the proposed major expansion of North Korea’s nuclear capabilities. Updates and improvements include longer-range missiles, hypersonic missiles, and smaller, tactical nuclear warheads to supplement the larger weapons which provide the bulk on North Korean deterrence against the US and other foreign opponents. (For fuller technical details on the modernization, try here.) The political backdrop of justification is America’s unchanging ‘hostile policy.’

Politically, this is not very surprising in its broad strokes. Relations between the US and North Korea have been very poor for a long time, of course. North Korea explicitly sought nuclear weapons to deter the United States from attacking it. Northern nuclear negotiators routinely invoked the fate of Saddam Hussein of Iraq or Moammar Kaddafi of Libya as justification: had those leaders possessed nuclear weapons, the US would not have attacked them. This logic is almost certainly correct.

The timing at the end of US President Donald Trump’s term is also likely not a coincidence. North Korea achieved the ability to strike the United States with a large nuclear weapon in late 2017. It then paused the development and elaboration of its nuclear and missile programs, likely to see what might come of Trump’s effort to engage North Korean supreme leader Kim Jong Un in negotiation.

This pause was strategically wise. North Korea did not give up anything. No nuclear weapons or missiles were surrendered, but it did give Trump the illusion of progress and some breathing space to make a serious offer to the North. Trump never managed to offer concessions remotely commensurate to his demands though. The Americans repeatedly insisted on terms close to total disarmament in exchange for sanctions relief. This was wildly unbalanced in America’s favor – and Kim himself made analogously unbalanced offers in the North’s favor. Further, the North Koreans likely sensed, as much of the commentariat did over time, that Trump seemed more interested in the imagery and media coverage of the meetings than in the details of a deal. In the end, the talks simply withered away.

Now comes Joseph Biden as the new American president, and he is a well-known hawk on North Korea. As chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and vice president under former President Barack Obama, Biden cleaved to fairly establishmentarian approaches to the North. He advocated sanctions, deeper cooperation with South Korea and Japan, and pushing China to help rein in Pyongyang. This is not terribly imaginative; it basically follows the contain-and-sanction consensus on North Korea policy which has developed over decades in Washington. Nor is it dangerous or war-threatening, like Trump’s course in 2017; Biden is no bomber. But it does mean that US-North Korea relations will likely return to confrontational status quo which has characterized them for decades.

In short, the North probably held off on further nuclear and missile rollouts and elaborations after 2017 to see if Trump was serious in his outreach. He was not, and Biden is a pretty standard North Korea hawk. So now Pyongyang will return developing a modern, multifaceted program.

The military implications are less clear. As Ankit Panda notes, the move to tactical nuclear weapons is the most concerning. North Korea’s ability to deter a US regime change assault depends primarily on its ability to deliver a large nuclear weapon to the US mainland. That requires an intercontinental ballistic missile and a warhead of at least several hundred kilotons in yield. Such a weapon would parallel those built by the US and the Soviet Union during the Cold War to hold each other’s cities hostage and maintain peace through a balance of fear.

That worked during the US-Soviet stand-off, and we assume that this is the goal of North Korea too. And its developments before 2018 – larger warheads, missile of greater throw-weight – suggest that it sought this traditional deterrence relationship. This is obviously not a good development, but it is understandable. We know the logic behind such weapons procurement.

Tactical nuclear weapons are different. They have a much lower yield. Scenarios for them often include use on a battlefield or against extremely hardened underground targets. This is unnerving. For what purpose, then, would the North Koreans want such weapons? That the North Koreans provide no doctrinal statements on nuclear use or planning makes this question even more opaque:

One scenario floating for years on the most hawkish fringes of the analyst community is that North Korea actually wants nukes to bully South Korea into submission, not simply for defense. Another is that North Korea will at some point be so desperate for foreign exchange because of sanctions, that it will start proliferating its nukes and missiles for money. A third is that North Korea might actually use nuclear weapons on the battlefield in South Korea in the case of a war. North Korea’s military is large but obsolete, and South Korea has just a few, extremely dense cities and several critical infrastructure junctures in an otherwise mountainous country.

In each case, low-yield nukes fit the frightening script. This is something we will need to watch closely.

Robert E Kelly
Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University

@Robert_E_Kelly

 

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LTW: Iran's Revolutionary Guards captures S. Korean oil tanker to get oil money back

Sun, 2021-01-10 03:32
LTW: Iran captures S. Korean oil tanker to get oil money back

Good morning,

While the whole Korean peninsula turned into Kor-beria with temp dropping to -24 Celsius, the coldest in 35 years, Iran seized a S.Korean oil tanker in Strait of Hormuz on Jan 4, holding 20 crew members. Though Iran cited environmental sea pollution by the tanker, it was clear Iran's move is aimed at pressuring S.Korean government to speed up the release of the 7 billion oil dollars S.Korea is holding to follow the U.S. sanction against Iran.  The two countries have been working on finding a solution such as paying with Covid 19 vaccines, but not much progress.  S.Korea immediately dispatched top officials to Tehran for dialogue, despite Iran's refusal to their entry. It is feared the seizure will last long as there is no easy solution under the current hostile U.S.-Iran relationship. S.Korea turned into a  shrimp caught between two fighting whales or suffering grass under fighting elephants.



There is only one street in Seoul named after a foreign city.  Tehran-ro. Ro meaning street.  One of the busiest streets in Seoul, Tehran- ro was named  so when President Park Jung-hee and Iran's King Pahlavi agreed to name a street for each capital city in 1977. Total of 3.7km (2.3mi) long, Tehran-ro stretches from Gangnam Station through Renaissance Hotel  to Samseong Station where  Intercontinental Hotel is located.  A must visit street when you are in Seoul with your family, but just don't get close to a large beige building next to the Intercontinental Hotel for peace in your family.  Hyundai Department Store filled with Prada, Louis Vuitton, Hermes, Gucci, Cartier, Tiffany, Rolex....

Regards,

H.S.

P.S: Hyundai Motor stocks jumped 19.2% on Jan 9, the highest daily pick-up since 1988, after news of talk with Apple. So confidential, even a key direct report to Hyundai Chairman was not aware of this deal. More to follow when the deal is finalized.

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Climbing Gajisan Highest Mountain Yongnam Alps

Wed, 2021-01-06 22:14
Climbing Gajisan Highest Mountain Yongnam Alps is a feat to be talked about, with an air of some pride. I managed to accomplish this feat twice now. This video is a summary of my first climb to the top of this mountain, and if you would like to see how to climb 2400 meters in South Korea, something that isn't easily attained as the highest peak here is Halasan at 1947 meters, then you will most certainly follow the Living Korea channel, like this video, subscribe to the channel and hit the notification bell button so as not to miss the next upcoming videos on the channel.

Liv'in' Korea Crypto Father

 

 

Climbing Gajisan Highest Mountain Yongnam Alps -
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Exploring The Markets and Alleyways of Daegu

Wed, 2021-01-06 12:00
Exploring The Markets and Alleyways of Daegu

Recently, I had the chance to explore the alleys of Daegu with a TV crew from Busan MBC. It was an amazing experience and I have to give a huge shoutout to Noe Alonzo for recommending me for this project. It was filmed over 4 days in Daegu and will air sometime weekly on MBC in Busan.

Before I get into the locations, I just want to touch on the experience as a whole, as this was part of a tv series where the team from Busan MBC follows a foreign photographer around the alleyways of not only Korea but abroad too. However, due to the COVID travel restrictions this season is dedicated to Korea.

I have been on TV here and there over the years and am certainly no stranger to interviews and whatnot. However, being a host and the main focus of the episode was very interesting. It was also a little intimidating as well because even though I have been to Daegu many times, I had not been to any of the areas which we covered in the 2 episodes that I filmed with them.

However, I must say that the team from Busan MBC was one of the best groups of people that I have ever worked with. They were professional, courteous and above all patient. Bear in mind, that Korean is not my native tongue and I still struggle with the language quite a bit. So we had an amazing translator on hand to help with the language barrier. With that being said, I still had to deliver my lines on the spot in front of not only the crew but bystanders as well.

Chilsung Market

This was one of the places that I felt like I had stepped back in time but also that I really don’t belong there. By that man was that the place gets super busy with scooters and trucks flying around every corner. People that live there have a hard enough time as well and having a group of people wandering around and (at times) blocking the roads, was not really a good thing.

That being said, it was interesting to get a bit of the history of the area. This market was located near to the Beongai (Lightning) Market and Daegu Station. These markets have a long history in the area and Chilsung especially seems like it is on its last legs. However, people still need it for their livelihood.

It was interesting talking to the elderly people that came out to see what we were doing there. When the “PD” or Producer told one lady that we were filming a documentary about the market and other alleys she basically told us that they should tear down the whole market. We were a little shocked as part of the documentary was to raise awareness for these areas.

At any rate, if you are looking for a little grit and have a penchant for street photography then this is your place. There is a texture and life here. Interesting shops and dark alleyways to discover are around every corner. If you want to see the other side of life in Korea, this place should be an area to check out.

Electronics Market

This was an area that I found interesting and what I sort of expected from a city like Daegu. It was a market that popped up around the US military base and sold electronics in a time when foreign electronics were hard to come by. Now, it looks a little dated but it was very interesting to walk through and see what things they had to sell.

I was also impressed that there was a camera shop there as well. Interestingly enough, the shop came in super handy as I forgot my battery charger for my camera. The crew was using only Sony cameras and if I didn’t find a way to charge my batteries I was in trouble. I came to this realization standing in front of a camera shop.

I managed to get an off-brand charger for a very reasonable price and let me tell you being able to charge all my batteries that night was a huge relief. Also, not having to pay the the full price for a brand name charger was also nice. It is places like this that have a number of options that you might not find in the flashier department store camera shops or online with the exception of Amazon or Gmarket.

It was great to also be able to talk to some of the merchants in the market and hear their stories. The one gentleman that we interview spoke English well and you could tell that he was a genuine good person. He friend was a rescue cat that he saved off the street and now reside in his little shop. I have no idea what he fixes there but it looked extremely technical.

Kim Kwang Seok Alley

This was an area that I never heard about before the shoot and had no idea about the singer as well. . However,Kim Kwang Seok’s music and legacy means a lot to the people of Daegu. His untimely passing still tugs at the heart-strings of all of his fans. The alley pays tribute to the singer and it really is something to see. So many people enjoying his music and interacting with all of the art displays along the alley.

The area used to be quite run down and the adjoining market was slowly fading away. With the construction of the alleyway, people have once again returned the area and business owners are delighted. It was evident with the amount of people that were there on the night that we were filming.

I also had my picture taken by a young university student and he shared some tips on where to find film cameras in Daegu. I will have to check those places out when I get back there someday.

Korean Herbal Medicine Alley

This area was one of the older areas in the city and it was said that it goes back 300 years. It was the capitol for Korean traditional medicine in the old days and sadly, outside of tourism, it is starting to disappear as well. This area might not be as photogenic as the other areas but it certainly has some interesting stores.

Basically, you can find pretty much anything to do with traditional Korean medicine here. From ingredients to pharmacies, it is all here. So if you have a sharp eye, you can catching some great street scenes. Another thing to keep your eyes peeled for are the history buildings. This area is seeing some gentrification and a lot of the old buildings have been made into trendy cafes and whatnot.

The Refugee Village

This area was an interesting place. Located just behind Kyungpook University, it was were the refugees from the Korean War settled. They basically built houses out of whatever they could find and the area is like a maze. There are some interesting finds in this area for sure.

The brightly coloured houses were a part of a plan to liven up the area but it sort of fell flat. It just looks worse in my mind and the money should have been spent on helping the people that live in that area or to help improve the area in general. Sadly, many people are moving out of this area in favour of the newer style of apartments.

This was an interesting time here because it felt like we were shooting in a ghost town. There were not many people around and the ones that have stay I felt struggle each day. It was an eye-opening experience to say the least.

The Print Alley

This was a place that was super interesting to me. While it may just look like a regular street in Korea that is filled will similar shops, it has a colourful history. The area has moved around quite a bit because of the increase in costs and land value but everyone stuck together through the different moves.

What I liked most about this area was the sense of hard work that you could see in the shops. These people were experts and could get the job done. They were not just jumping on the next trend or something like that, they are experts in their field and are there to stay. Sadly, as times change this impacts their business greatly. Thus, how long this alley will be around is up in the air, especially after the COVID pandemic.

All in all, this experience and the city of Daegu really impressed me. It was interesting being on the other side of the camera for a change. I won’t lie, I am quite nervous about what I will look like on TV especially for 2 whole episodes. Thankfully, I know that the crew from Busan MBC will do their best as they are an amazing group of people.

The show is called Forbidden Alley and will air on Busan MBC. I have not yet seen the full show as I was a little out of it when I returned to Korea as it was airing but I am sure that it will be great. Thank you again for the crew and Noe for this opportunity.

 

The post Exploring The Markets and Alleyways of Daegu appeared first on The Sajin.


 

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Cases Increase but Remain Under 1,000 for 2 Consecutive Days

Wed, 2021-01-06 10:08
Cases Increase but Remain Under 1,000 for 2 Consecutive Days

Wednesday, January 6th, 2020

The Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency reports 809 local infections, and 31 infected international arrivals, for a total of 840 new cases.

Yonhap News reports health authorities say the virus curve has been slowly flattening as a result of preemptive testing and social distancing rules. However, they remain cautious over continued group infections and the spread of a new variant of the virus.

South Korea has now reported 12 cases of the more contagious variant first identified in the UK. Starting Friday, foreign nationals flying to South Korea must have a negative coronavirus test result within 72 hours of their departure.

A total of 65,818 cases have been diagnosed since the coronavirus virus first appeared in the ROK on January 20th, 2020. 20 people have died of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours for a total of 1,027 deaths.

Subscribe to Covid Korea Update with your favorite podcast app and find more news at KoreaFM.net.

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The post Cases Increase but Remain Under 1,000 for 2 Consecutive Days appeared first on Korea FM.

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EVO2021 (Free Teaching Workshops) Jan 11-Feb 14 Registration Now Open

Wed, 2021-01-06 09:45

Call for Participation  

 

Electronic Village Online (EVO) 2021 

 

January 11 - February 14, 2021

  

 

 

  
  1. About EVO
  2. EVO Communities
  3. Kickoff January 10
  4. SESSIONS for EVO 2021
      1. CEFR VS Assessment: How can new revisions help?
      2. Classroom-based research for Professional Development
      3. Digital Imagery and Designs
      4. Effective Presentation Skills
      5. EVO Minecraft MOOC 2021
      6. Flipped_Learning_in_language_teaching 
      7. Grammar for TESOL 
      8. Immersive Storytelling in Virtual Worlds
      9. Intercultural Competence 2021 
      10. M4TEVO21
      11.  Scientific Literacy and CLIL
      12. Self-Care for Educators with Mindfulness 
      13. Shaping New Ways of Teaching English for Tourism in Uzbekistan
      14. Synchronous Online Flipped Learning Approach
      15. TECHNO CLIL 2021
      16. TEFL2YL EVO21
      17. Tools for Student Collaboration
      18. Technology for Spoken English
      19. Wellness: A Happy and Healthy You
  5. Share this Call for Participation 
  6. EVO information and Updates


 

 

About EVO

 

For five weeks in January and February, TESOL experts and participants from around the world engage in collaborative online discussions or hands-on virtual workshops of professional and scholarly benefit. These sessions bring together participants for a longer period of time than is permitted by land-based professional development conventions and allow a fuller development of ideas than is otherwise possible.

 

Sessions are free and open to anyone around the globe. It is not necessary to be a TESOL or IATEFL member nor to attend the TESOL

Convention in order to participate. All you need is access to the Internet.

 

We invite you to choose a session from this year's offerings listed below. Please inform your colleagues about this unparalleled professional development opportunity!

 

Click on the link for the session you want to attend, scroll down to the bottom of the page and find the joining instructions for each session there.  

 

 

 

EVO Communities

 

 

 

The Electronic Village Online Hashtag is:  #evosessions    

Click on the title of a session below to view the complete session description. You will find instructions on how to join the session on that page.

 

 

REGISTRATION IS FROM JANUARY 3 TO JANUARY 10, 2021

 

Kickoff January 10

 

The sessions begin on January 11, but are held asynchronously; that is, you can log in, begin reading, and join the discussion of the materials. However, most sessions have some synchronous activities where you gather for a live meeting on your topic of study. See your session's syllabus of weekly activities for details.

 

EVO21 Kickoff! January 10, 2021 at 2 PM UTC (9:00 AM Eastern Time (US and Canada).

 

Register in advance for this meeting: https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZItfu6gqzMoG9xWVH-w1JTo9FsvscdihdOz   

 

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the meeting.


Please check your timezone here: https://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/fixedtime.html?msg=EVO21+Kickoff&iso=20210110T09&p1=250&ah=1&am=30 and join our meeting

 

Recording of Kickoff for EVO21

 

 

SESSIONS for EVO 2021

 

 

----> Due to the time involved, we very strongly recommend that you sign up for no more than two sessions.

  

Click on the title of the session to find out more and learn how to join

 

Session description

Session Moderators

 Digital Imagery and Designs

 

 

In the era of digital Imagery, it is absolutely necessary for everyone to get involved in the creation of digital images and process and also to understand the basics fundamentals this includes  image retouching etc. Participant will learn how  to process the Images such as changing colour, size and enhancement and also  to extract some useful information from it. 

Peter Omal  

Rahalkar, Dr Anupama

Mushtakhusen S.M.

 

 

EVO Minecraft MOOC 2021

 

This session invites interested teachers to join us in playing Minecraft. Through meaningful play, we will learn all we can about playing Minecraft alone and together. We will learn and understand through play how Minecraft can be used effectively in language learning. We'll learn by doing and from one another. 

 

Stevens, Vance & family

Abdelmoneim, Maha

Bard, Rose & family

Briggs, Laura

Carroll, Don

Chien, Jane & family

Harrison, Kim 

Kuhn, Jeff

Patrascu, Mircea

Schwartz, Aaron

Smolčec, Marijana & family

Grammar for TESOL 

 

 

Grammar for TESOL aims to provide some general theoretical and practical knowledge of grammar as well as some suggested tasks for beginner and experienced TESOL teachers to apply their understanding of that knowledge as they prepare for more interactive grammar lessons.

Naglaa Salem

Dr. Nellie Deutsch

Masahito Watanabe

Intercultural Competence 2021 

 

 

Intercultural competence is required today more than ever to avoid conflict and misunderstanding. Due to COVID-19 lockdown, we have gone ever more online and our interactions have become even more globalized. As each culture has its own values, practices, and ways of communicating, this session will help you understand them better and therefore help you achieve your goals.

 

Mushtakhusen S.M. Patricia Andrada Dr. Nellie Deutsch

Scientific Literacy and CLIL

Self-Care for Educators with Mindfulness 

 

 

 

 

The human touch is critical to our wellbeing. In times of social distancing, online virtual meetings may seem to provide an alternative to face-to-face communication, but there are many challenges that can be facilitated by self-care. Participants of self-care for educators with mindfulness awareness practice will develop and strengthen a growth mindset to help face life and work related challenges with a caring attitude to the people they love and care for and their students. Participants will learn about the brain, self-care, and how to develop a mindfulness awareness practice. 

Dr. Nellie Deutsch

Poonam Vohra

Synchronous Online Flipped Learning Approach

 

The Synchronous Online Flipped Learning Approach (SOFLA) is a distance learning model that includes structured, interactive, multimodal activities, both asynchronous and synchronous. Participants will learn how to implement the eight-step learning cycle and will receive resources to guide them in using SOFLA. 

Buitrago, Carolina R.

Marshall, Helaine (LAINE) W. 

Philp, Heike

Rubin, Heather

TEFL2YL EVO21

 

Teaching EFL to Young Learners sessions is a hands-on session for teachers of English to Young Learners and Teens from around the world. The session will focus on activities that engage young learners. Teachers will use Flipgrid and PoodLL for student speaking, story reading, board games, limited resource classroom activities, curation tools such as Padlet, Walkelet, and Miro for collaborative work and reflections, and Screencast-o-martic for video tutorials to demonstrate learning.   

Dr. Nellie Deutsch

Judy Wong

Nives Torresi 

Sheryl McCoy

 

Technology for Spoken English

 

Many English language teachers and their students are unable to speak English fluently and accurately. Technology can facilitate the process by providing practice. This EVO21 session provides various tools to practice and improve spoken English with fluency and accuracy.

Sudarshana  L Shirude Suchita R Mahorkar 

Dr. Nellie Deutsch

Ajita Ganjale

 

<p dir="ltr" margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt;"="">Wellness: A Happy and Healthy You

 

In the pandemic and post pandemic times, the world will face many  economic, social and emotional  challenges. The realization of being in control of their life can empower people to ensure their wellness by taking charge of their thoughts, emotions and ways in which to deal with stressful situations. 

Dr. Anupama Rahalkar Peter Omal

Dr. Ahmed Fal MERKAZI

S. Tigmanshi

Dr. Nellie Deutsch

 

 


  Share this Call for Participation 

 

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with other e-lists and social networks.

 

Thank you for helping spread the word!

  

EVO information and Updates

 

 

The Electronic Village Online Hashtag is:  #evosessions  #EVO21

 

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EVO2021 (Free Teaching Workshops) Jan 11-Feb 14 Registration Now Open
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Liquid Sound Podcast: Bathing Belles

Wed, 2020-12-23 13:54
Liquid Sound Podcast: Bathing Belles Your browser does not support the audio element.

Download mp3

Bathing Belles is a chilltronica duo featuring Amy Greene and Jessica Lynch. On this episode, they join host Gino Brann to talk about expiration dates on relationships, the challenges and joys of home recording, rocking out at the town general store, and have a good laugh reminiscing about their earliest songwriting efforts. They also listen to the dream-soul music of Bathing Belles.

---

Songs featured (all by Bathing Belles):

• "Silk"

• "Bird Songs"

• "Reckoning”

• "Dark Waves (live)”

---

Find and follow Bathing Belles at:

• Website: bathingbelles.net

• Instagram: @bathing_belles

• Soundcloud: soundcloud.com/bathingbelles

• Bandcamp: bathingbelles.bandcamp.com/album/silk

• Spotify: open.spotify.com/artist/0qegVdXNe2gva2pzjfvbyq?si=frk2ls_yTfK0Hvflpy8Qbg

---

• Created and produced by Gino Brann (@ginobrann)

• ginobrann.bandcamp.com

• Artwork by Jeongmin Lee (@mintheelephant)

• Intro music: "Me? Oui!" by Gino Brann

• Outro music: "Emaj9" by Bathing Belles

---

Liquid Sound, in cooperation with the Liquid Arts Network, is recorded at the Liquid Arts Network Studio, Oryukdo, Busan, South Korea.

---

• Email: liquidsoundpodcast@gmail.com

• Website: liquidartsnetwork.com

• Instagram: instagram.com/liquidartsnetwork

• Facebook: facebook.com/liquidartsnetwork

• Twitter: twitter.com/liquidartspod

• Soundcloud: soundcloud.com/liquid-arts

 

Original Post

 

 

 

 

 


LiquidArtsNetwork.com

The Liquid Arts Network seeks to create a global community for artists. Showcasing everything from poetry, art, film, music and performance, Liquid Arts events are a mosaic of blossoming talent. 

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

BGN Christmas Promotion 2020

Fri, 2020-12-18 07:39

 Christmas and new year holidays are coming and BGN Eye Hospital prepared a special Promotion for you!

Only until the 31st of December get 200,000 KRW additional discount for ReLEx SMILE surgery and eye-drops (worth 100,000 KRW) free of charge!

Make yourself the best Christmas present - 20/20 vision!

This is definetely the time to get rid of contact lenses and glasses and start enjoing winter season!

Why BGN SMILE?

-Safe and fast surgery without flap (only 2 mm incision)

-Only 1 day for examination,surgery and recovery

-Back to work and normal life on the next day

-Active and extreme sports possible after 1 week

-Over 400,000 successful surgeries at BGN!

Wish to visit clinic, but don`t have free time? No problem, as we will be opened on Christmas, 25th of December!

Number of appointments is limited so hurry up to book an appointment today!

No more doubts, contact us today to book a free LASIK consultation and get you clear vision!

For booking an appointment and free LASIK consultation, please refer to the following details:

Phone: 010-7670-3995

kakao: eye1004bgnbusan

email: maria@bgnhospital.com

bgneyehospital@gmail.com

Christmas.jpg English 25.12.jpg
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Liquid Sound Podcast: Gordon Bazsali Jr.

Wed, 2020-12-09 04:38
Liquid Sound Podcast: Gordon Bazsali Jr.
Your browser does not support the audio element.

 Download mp3Gordon Bazsali Jr. is a trumpet player and multi-instrumentalist who has recorded numerous albums under the name “Damn Sight,” and most recently he’s been making ambient music. On this episode, Gordon joins host Gino Brann to talk about ambience, his experience recording and releasing a song every day for a year, the joys of playing in a punk rock band, quieting our inner censor, using live-streaming platforms like Twitch as a musical medium, and lots more. They also listen to some of his tracks and conclude the episode with an in-studio performance of a completely improvised song.

---

Songs featured:

• "Quietude" by Damn Sight [Solace (2020)]

• "Anaconda (clip)" by Cuttlefish

• "Alright Already f. Gino Brann (clip)" by Damn Sight [Anathema (2012)]

• "Summer On!" by Damn Sight [The Complete Dailies: 2013]

• "Conflicted Piano" by Damn Sight [Silicate Rain (2014)]

• "Very Simple Duet #1 (Live)" by Gordon Bazsali Jr. and Gino Brann

---

Find and follow Gordon on these channels:

• Twitch: https://www.twitch.tv/damnsight

• Bandcamp: https://damnsight.bandcamp.com/

---

• Created and produced by Gino Brann (@ginobrann)

• Artwork by Jeongmin Lee (@mintheelephant)

• Intro music: "Me? Oui!" by Gino Brann

• Outro music: "Forever" by Jen Sotham

---

Liquid Sound, in cooperation with the Liquid Arts Network, is recorded at the Liquid Arts Network Studio, Oryukdo, Busan, South Korea.

---

• Email: liquidsoundpodcast@gmail.com

• Website: https://liquidartsnetwork.com/

• Instagram: www.instagram.com/liquidartsnetwork

• Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/liquidartsnetwork

• Twitter: www.twitter.com/liquidartsnetwork

• Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/liquid-arts

 


LiquidArtsNetwork.com

The Liquid Arts Network seeks to create a global community for artists. Showcasing everything from poetry, art, film, music and performance, Liquid Arts events are a mosaic of blossoming talent. 

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Shimu-do – The Ten Ox-Herding Murals: 심우도

Mon, 2020-12-07 23:34
Shimu-do – The Ten Ox-Herding Murals: 심우도 One of the Shimu-do (The Ten Ox-Herding Murals) from Songnimsa Temple in Chilgok, Gyeongsangbuk-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Another set of murals that are commonly found at Korean Buddhist temples are the Shimu-do, or “The Ten Ox-Herding Murals,” in English. These paintings are typically found around the exterior walls to the Daeung-jeon Hall, but they can also be found adorning the exterior walls of other shrine halls at a temple. Also, they can be found individually adorning a temple shrine hall, or they can be joined by the Palsang-do (Eight Scenes from the Life of the Buddha Murals).

Either way, and on whatever building they might adorn, they are painted at seon temples both in Korea and in China. The Shimu-do first came to the Korean peninsula by way of the Song Dynasty (960-1279) in China. They were originally created as a visual device by Buddhist Seon masters to teach novice monks. These pictures are meant to depict a deep metaphor of the Seon practice. Because the practice of Seon Buddhism emphasizes the practice of meditation in the uncovering of innate wisdom and compassion found in the individual, these paintings represent the training of cultivation of the mind. As a result, the Shimu-do are typically found at Jogye-jong Order and Taego-jong Order temples in Korea.

In total, there are ten murals in the Shimu-do set. They are:

  1. 1. Searching for the Ox
  2. 2. Seeing the Tracks
  3. 3. Seeing the Ox
  4. 4. Catching the Ox
  5. 5. Tending (or Taming) the Ox
  6. 6. Riding the Ox Back Home
  7. 7. The Ox Transcended (or Forgotten)
  8. 8. Both the Ox and the Ox-Herder are Transcended (or Forgotten)
  9. 9. Reaching the Origin
  10. 10. In the World (or Return to Society)

In these murals, the central figures are an ox-herding boy and an ox. In the murals, the ox-herder is meant to represent you, while the is meant to represent your mind. So with all that being said, let’s now take a closer look at each of the individual paintings. What do they look like? And what are they meant to represent?

1. Searching for the Ox

1. Searching for the Ox:

In the first mural in the Shimu-do set, you see a young ox-herder is in the wild looking a little lost. He’s seemingly wandering around aimlessly, as though in search of something. The ox is absent in this mural. According to Seon teachings, we are all like this young ox-herder. We are all looking for inner peace and happiness, but we are subject to the demands of our passions, which leads to suffering.

2. Seeing the Tracks

2. Seeing the Tracks:

In this second mural, the young ox-herder finally sees a set of tracks. The boy, searching for the ox, finds a sign of the ox’s existence through its tracks. Here, an individual is catching a glimpse of their innate Buddhahood that dwells in each of us. With this realization, there is an awareness by the individual of something more. This awareness is of the possibility of transcending pain and suffering. This is an initial awareness and understanding of the origins of pain and suffering.

3. Seeing the Ox

3. Seeing the Ox:

In this third mural, the ox-herder follows the tracks left behind by the ox. The ox-herder is finally able to see the half-hidden ox that appears among the trees. This mural is meant to symbolize that through hard work, both in practice and in study, one can find their own true mind (Buddhahood).

4. Catching the Ox

4. Catching the Ox:

The ox-herder, in the fourth mural, is seen trying hard to catch the wild ox with a rope. However, the ox doesn’t want to be caught. As a result, the ox and the ox-herder fight. The ox-herder can be seen struggling to hang on tightly to the ox, as the ox is dragging the ox-herder along on the ground. Symbolically, this mural is meant to show the struggle which takes place when one is not able to fully transcend ones passions and desires. So while an individual catches a glimpse of their true nature (Buddhahood), they have yet to completely break free from their desires and wants. This is a difficult struggle between ones passions and ones higher true nature. However, in some of these murals, you can see a gradual whitening of the ox taking place. This illustrates the gradual awakening of the individual towards their true nature (Buddhahood).

5. Tending (or Taming) the Ox

5. Tending (or Taming) the Ox:

In the fifth mural of the Shimu-do set, you’ll see that the ox-herder is now gently tending/taming the ox. Even though the struggle seems to be over, the ox-herder is still loosely holding onto the ox’s rope, while also keeping his whip ready the entire while. Symbolically what this is meant to represent is how a student must always be vigilant by staying focused and keep their mind free of distractions. And the way that this can be achieved is through practice.

6. Riding the Ox Back Home

6. Riding the Ox Back Home:

The sixth mural in the set shows the ox-herder sitting leisurely atop the ox, as he make his way back home. What this mural symbolizes is the ox-herder no longer being bound by the world of illusions. The ox-herder’s mind is no longer deceived. Instead, the ox-herder is now in control of their mind. So with this control, he is now returning “home” to his true nature (Buddhahood).

7. The Ox Transcended (or Forgotten)

7. The Ox Transcended (or Forgotten):

In this mural, the seventh in the Shimu-do set, the ox has now disappeared. All that is left now is the ox-herder. The ox-herder is left all alone and is now resting at home. Sitting all alone, the ox-herder forgets about the ox. The ox-herder is at peace. By forgetting the ox, the ox-herder has transcended the “self.” There is no longer an ego or even a notion of the self to delude the mind. There is only stillness.

8. Both the Ox and the Ox-Herder are Transcended (or Forgotten)

8. Both the Ox and the Ox-Herder are Transcended (or Forgotten):

In the eighth mural in the set, both the ox and the ox-herder are forgotten. All that remains is an empty circle. This empty circle represents the emptiness attained by forgetting both the ox and the self. It’s at this point that one realizes that everything comes from emptiness. With that being said, it should be noted that this emptiness is NOT nothingness. Instead, this emptiness is the possibility of endless change. And it’s through this change that the ox-herder has achieved the ultimate stage of enlightenment.

9. Reaching the Origin

9. Reaching the Origin:

In this painting, there is no ox, nor is there an ox-herder; instead, there is only a beautiful scene from nature. This picture is meant to symbolize the original clear mind (Buddhahood). And it’s with this mind that we see things as they actually are. Mountains are mountains. Oceans are oceans. At this stage, everything expresses the actual truth of life.

It should be noted that both the ninth and tenth painting weren’t originally a part of the Shimu-do set. Instead, the original set formerly ended at the eighth mural. However, in an effort to help eliminate any misunderstanding, the series was expanded to ten. The reason for the confusion is that there was a misunderstanding about Buddhism’s idea of enlightenment and the aforementioned idea of emptiness.

10. In the World (or Return to Society)

10. In the World (or Return to Society):

In the tenth mural, which like the ninth wasn’t originally included, we see the ox-herder turning to a village (the world). The ox-herder is doing this after years of solitary practice. The ox-herder returns to the world to teach what he has come to learn. Thus, the picture is the culmination of the set of ten. It depicts the very core of Buddhist teachings: freedom, wisdom, and compassion.

The Shimu-do, or “The Ten Ox-Herding Murals,” in English, are a beautiful aid to help deepen our understand Seon teachings. As Seon Buddhism teaches, our lives are filled with suffering; however, through wisdom, we can gain a better understanding of emptiness. And through this understanding of emptiness, we can learn to see things as they actually are, which is an endless possibility of change.

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Hidden Meanings of Korean Colors | Korean FAQ

Mon, 2020-12-07 18:15
Hidden Meanings of Korean Colors | Korean FAQ

Just like English, Korean also has idioms related to colors. For example, in English we can say things like "he was green with envy" or "white lie" or a "black eye" or things like that. Korean also has idioms using colors to give them different meanings.

The post Hidden Meanings of Korean Colors | Korean FAQ appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

www.GoBillyKorean.com

 

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KOREAN LAW 101- DUI drunken driving and related legal issues

Mon, 2020-12-07 11:39
This segment, law in our life from GFN City of Light show, is on air every Wednesday 19:35.  http://www.gfn.or.kr/ Gwangju Foreign Language Network  http://www.gfn.or.kr/radio_intro.php?menu_id=113  City of Light For legal consultation, you may contact me via my email or my kakaotalk channel.I prefer kakaotalk channel.  http://pf.kakao.com/_xjDnmxbYou can find me with a search term koreanlaw101 in kakao.  My email address is lawyer4expats@gmail.com.  ---My English website:   https://lawyer4expats.modoo.at/(I am a lawyer practicing in Gwangju, Korea. I work with expats and Korean clients. I have been admitted to Korean bar since 2005, and Connecticut bar (US) since 2015)   You can reach me via my email at lawyer4expats@gmail.com if you need legal assistance. I offer fee-based legal service only to maintain the quality of my work and keep my life balanced.    My Korean blog: https://blog.naver.com/jesunglaw    -- Disclaimer -- Please be aware that as my Youtube contents is only for the general information use and somewhat brief for video purpose, I am not responsible for any legal consequences that occur due to your reliance on my legal contents for your own case.   Please consult with an experienced lawyer including myself for your individual case. Please Like and Subscribe my Youtube channel. Thanks!  For further legal consultation, please contact me at lawyer4expats@gmail.com.  안녕하세요,저는 사법시험 출신 한국 변호사이자 미국 변호사(커네티컷 주)로  그동안 한국과 미국(LLM, JD), 네덜란드에서 법공부를 하고 한국, 미국, 벨기에에서 일하면서 국가간의 법제도 차이와 로스쿨, 사법시험, 바시험 등의 차이, 근무환경 등에 대해서 많이 생각해왔습니다.   특히 30대에 아이 둘을 키우면서 다닌 미국 로스쿨이 너무 힘들기도 했지만 한편 너무나 즐겁고 성장할 수 있는 시간이 되어서 미국 로스쿨과 커리어 관련된 이야기를 유튜브를 통해 많이 나누고 있습니다.   그동안은 페이스북이나 블로그만 했었는데 보다 많은 분들과 재미있는 법률 이야기를 나누고 싶어서 컨텐츠 제작을 시작하게 되었습니다.  https://blog.naver.com/jesunglaw 제 블로그 주소입니다.   한국에서 통상전문변호사로 커리어를 쌓다 어느날 갑자기 ^^ 미국에 가서 두 아이를 키우며 전업주부생활을 하면서 로스쿨을 다닌 이야기, 그리고 현재 한국에서 1인 변호사로 활동하면서 느낀 점들과 미국 로스쿨 관련 정보를 올리고 있습니다.  재미있게 봐주시고 좋아요와 구독 신청도 부탁 드릴께요.  ---제 영상을 보시고 미국 로스쿨 입학을 앞두고 준비과정, 로스쿨 공부, 바시험 준비강의 등에 대해 문의하시는 분들이 계세요. 강의 등 보다 구체적인 도움이 필요하시다면 제 이메일로 연락주시기 바랍니다. ahn.hyunjoo@gmail.com 감사합니다!

https://lawyer4expats.modoo.at/

KOREAN LAW 101- DUI drunken driving and related legal issues
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

BGN Eye Hospital winter SMILE festival

Thu, 2020-12-03 01:28

Winter is already in Busan!

Are you ready to enjoy the most active winter in your life?

Meet BGN SMILE winter festival! Get great dicounts for all kinds of SMILE surgeries during the winter season!

-100,000 KRW discounts for BGN SMILE!

-200,000 KRW discount for TRIPLE and QUATRO SMILE and free post-surgery eye drops ( worth 100,000 KRW)

Love snowboarding, skiing and hot springs? You can do it all with SMILE just 1 week after surgery!

BGN SMILE - iconic ReLEx SMILE surgery

TRIPLE SMILE - ReLEx SMILE plus cornea strenghtening, highly recommended for patients with high myopia and astigmatism level or thin cornea! ( the best!)

QUATRO SMILE - ReLEx SMILE surgery and full solution of cornea strengthening and dry eye treatment. Hyaluron and PRP eye-drops ( Plasma based) are provided to decrease dry eye syndrom and prevent inflammation.

This winter is definetely the time to forget about your glasses and contact lenses and start active life from today! Event is valid from the 1st of December to the 28th of February 2021.

Still not sure if your are a candidate for Laser Vision Correction? No more doubts, as BGN Eye Hospital is currently providing free #LASIK examination for everyone who wish to get their 20/20 vision and forget about glasses or contact lenses!

For booking an appointment and free Lasik consultation please refer to the following details:

Phone: 010-7670-3995 kakao: eye1004bgnbusan

Email: maria@bgnhospital.com bgneyehospitalbusan@gmail.com

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/eyehospitalinkorea/

Final.hospital.jpg
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Interview - PARASITE translator Darcy Paquet

Tue, 2020-11-17 09:18

From: https://www.youtube.com/user/koreanfilmbiz    http://koreanfilm.or.kr   

About Darcy: 

Darcy Paquet  is an American film critic, university lecturer, author and actor. In 2011, Paquet was awarded the Korea Film Reporters Association Award at the 15th Busan International Film Festival for his contributions in introducing Korean cinema to the world. In 2014, he created the Wildflower Film Awards to give recognition to Korean indie films. In 2019 he served as translator for the English subtitles of the film Parasite by Bong Joon-ho.

From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darcy_Paquet

More: 

https://twitter.com/darcypaquethttps://www.linkedin.com/in/darcy-paquet-99a269a2https://asiasociety.org/korea/interview-darcy-paquet

 

Interview - PARASITE translator Darcy Paquet
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

2020 Liquid Arts Network 72 Hour Film Festival - November 19-22 @ HQ

Sat, 2020-11-14 02:17

The 2020 Liquid Arts Network 72 Hour Film Festival is now taking submissions from both teams and individuals who’d like to participate. Every year, this always turns out to be a fun event and the HQ Bar hosts the event with great care and flair. No experience necessary. And maybe none is better! Veteran writers, actors, editors, producers, and fashion artists and more can find a way to contribute to a team.

Start your registration by clicking on the event and complete it on November 19th by coming to the bar to pay your team fee of 10 bucks (all money to prizes) and pick up your super secret prompts that you must include in the film.

It’s still not too late in the year to do something fun and creative with great camaraderie. Best and Better.
Facebook Event Page: https://www.facebook.com/events/967369587070891


 #72hourfilmfestival #72hours #shortfilmfestival #busan #southkorea #lifeinkorea #영화 #liquidartsnetwork #makingmovies #biff #bisff

2020 Liquid Arts Network 72 Hour Film Festival - November 19-22 @ HQ
Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Chilseong-gak – The Seven Stars Hall: 칠성각

Thu, 2020-11-12 23:25
Chilseong-gak – The Seven Stars Hall: 칠성각 Chilseong at Dongnimsa Temple in Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Another popular shaman deity that you can find at a Korean Buddhist temple is Chilseong, or “The Seven Stars,” in English. Chilseong is Taoist in origins. Originally, Chilseong governed human affairs and fortunes. Unlike Sanshin who has maintained its shamanic independence, Chilseong has been thoroughly absorbed into Buddhism as each of the seven stars in the constellation have ascended to Bodhisattva status. Even Bukseong, “The North Star,” in English, the figure with the large elongated head that’s usually situated in the top corner of the Chilseong mural, is a Bodhisattva, as well.

Chilseong at Ssanggyesa Temple in Hadong, Gyeongsangnam-do.Chilseong at Jikjisa Temple in Gimcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do.Chilseong at Beopjusa Temple in Boeun, Chungcheongbuk-do.

You can find Chilseong in a few locations at a Korean Buddhist temple. Most commonly, you can find Chilseong inside the Samseong-gak Hall alongside other popular shaman deities like Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit), Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) and/or Yongwang (The Dragon King). Because Chilseong is a celestial deity, Chilseong takes up the central location on the main altar inside a Samseong-gak Hall, which is elevated above the earthly deities like Sanshin and Yongwang. Other places that you can find Chilseong is inside a Chilseong-gak Hall all by itself.

Specifically, Chilseong is prayed to for the birth of a baby, passing a school exam, wealth, long life, and/or the protection of young children. In appearance, Chilseong is known for the magnificent light that radiates forth from every part of its body. Even though it’s one deity, Chilseong appears as seven individual figures. Chilseong’s appearance depends on the artistic goal of the painter, so Chilseong can look shamanic, Buddhist, Taoist, or Confucian. In the centre of the Chilseong mural, you’ll see Jaeseok-cheon, or the “Heaven King Deity,” in English. Jaeseok-cheon is the manager of heaven. Jaeseok-cheon appears surrounded by the seven star figures. And on either side of Jaeseok-cheon you’ll find Ilgwang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Sun) and Wolgwang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Moon). Ilgwang-bosal holds a red orb in its hands, while Wolgwang-bosal holds a white orb in its hands.

The Bukgeuk-jeon Hall at Anyangam Hermitage at Tongdosa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.The signboard and Gwimyeon above the entry of the Bukgeuk-jeon Hall at Anyangam Hermitage.Inside the amazing Bukgeuk-jeon Hall at Anyangam Hermitage.

A great example of Chilseong can be found at Anyangam Hermitage on the Tongdosa Temple grounds. The Chilseong-gak Hall at Anyangam Hermitage was originally the only building at the hermitage when it was first constructed in 1295. At that time it was called the Bukgeuk-jeon Hall. It was only later that Anyangam Hermitage was reconstructed in 1865. During this time, the Geukrak-jeon Hall, the Sanshin/Dokseong-gak Hall and monks’ dorms were built. As for the Chilseong-gak Hall, it has a fierce Gwimyeon (Monster Mask) over the front door scaring off evil spirits. Stepping inside the hall, and above the main altar, you’ll find intricate dragon murals, painted Bicheon (Flying Heavenly Deities) singing the praises of Chilseong, and even more Gwimyeon. But the main highlight of this hall are the modern murals depicting the seven distinct stars of Chilseong. There’s a beautiful juxtaposition between the modern paintings of Chilseong contrasted by the historic hall and the murals that adorn its interior walls.

Other great examples of Chilseong can be found at Beopjusa Temple in Boeun, Chungcheongbuk-do; Dongnimsa Temple in Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do; Gunwi Grotto in Gunwi, Gyeongsangbuk-do; Hwaeomsa Temple in Gurye, Jeollanam-do; Jikjisa Temple in Gimcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do; Ssanggyesa Temple in Hadong, Gyeongsangnam-do; Uigoksa Temple in Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do; and Woljeongsa Temple in Pyeongchang, Gangwon-do.

So if you want to live a long life or to have a child, you should try to find Chilseong at a Korean Buddhist temple. This shaman deity is very popular, so it shouldn’t be too hard to find the seven ornate images of the Seven Stars.

Chilseong at Gunwi Grotto in Gunwi, Gyeongsangbuk-do.Chilseong at Hwaeomsa Temple in Gurye, Jeollanam-do.Chilseong at Uigoksa Temple in Jinju, Gyeongsangnam-do.Chilseong at Woljeongsa Temple in Pyeongchang, Gangwon-do.

 

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Liquid Sound Podcast: CeCe Kim

Tue, 2020-11-10 03:00
Liquid Sound Podcast: CeCe Kim

 

CeCe Kim, a vocalist and a voice actor currently based out of Seoul, joins host Gino Brann for a wide-ranging conversation about what it’s like to sing in different languages, accidentally stealing from your heroes, tortured artist energy, her career as a voice actor, and lots more. They also listen to her music and perform one of her songs live in the studio.

---

Songs featured:

• "Cake" by CeCe Kim

• "Poison" by Zelda and the Lions

• "Chocolate (Live)" by CeCe Kim

---

Find and follow CeCe on these channels:

• Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/siyun-kim/

• Youtube: youtu.be/AmiB2VaAKGE

• Bandcamp: https://zeldaandthelions.bandcamp.com/

• Instagram: @mmmielsauvage

---

•Created and produced by Gino Brann (@ginobrann)

•Artwork by Jeongmin Lee (@mintheelephant)

•Intro music: "Me? Oui!" by Gino Brann

•Outro music: "Forever" by Jen Sotham

---

Liquid Sound, in cooperation with the Liquid Arts Network, is recorded at the Liquid Arts Network Studio, Oryukdo, Busan, South Korea.

---

•Email: liquidsoundpodcast@gmail.com

•Website: https://liquidartsnetwork.com/

•Instagram: www.instagram.com/liquidartsnetwork

•Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/liquidartsnetwork

•Twitter: www.twitter.com/liquidartsnetwork

•Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/liquid-arts


LiquidArtsNetwork.com

The Liquid Arts Network seeks to create a global community for artists. Showcasing everything from poetry, art, film, music and performance, Liquid Arts events are a mosaic of blossoming talent. 

Categories: Worldbridges Megafeed

Grading celebrities speaking in Korean

Mon, 2020-11-09 18:23
Grading celebrities speaking in Korean

Lately it's becoming more and more common to hear celebrities speaking in Korean, in movies or TV shows.

As a Korean teacher, I'm always happy when I come across these sort of clips.

But how good is their Korean really? Are they pronouncing things accurately, and are their sentences grammatically correct?

In this video I dig into the Korean of Jim Carrey, Blackpink's Lisa, and Lupita Nyong'o.

Who else would you like to learn about? Let me know in the comments on the video, or here~

The post Grading celebrities speaking in Korean appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

www.GoBillyKorean.com

 

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LTW: Owner of Samsung Group passes away

Wed, 2020-10-28 12:49
LTW: Owner of Samsung Group passes away
Good morning,


The richest man in Asia, Samsung CEO Lee Kun-hee faded away at 78 on Oct 25. Born in 1942, he was the third son of Lee Byung-chull who founded Samsung in 1938, and became the CEO of the company in 1987 following his father's death. Kun-hee is credited with transforming tiny Samsung with 10 trillion Won in sales ($8.3B) at the time he inherited the company, into now 400 trillion Won ($335B) mighty Samsung, the largest manufacturing company in Asia ahead of Toyota, representing 20.4% of whole S.Korean GDP in 2018. To instill a quality mind in employees’ heads, he had 150K defect cell phones torched . To have employees change their business attitude, he ordered his managers to “change everything except your wife and kids.” To support his nation to win the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics, he toured the world to persuade many voting IOC members. Lee Kun-hee will be succeeded by his only son, Lee Jay-yong, 52, who has been leading Samsung since Kun-hee went into coma six years ago after myocardial infarction.


While Lee Kun-hee has been successful in new business ventures, he failed miserably in one area; the auto industry. Known car maniac whose hobby is to collect super cars, Lee announced a plan in 1995 to build Samsung Motors with 250K units per year capacity in Busan. The first model, Nissan Maxima based SM5 sedan, began to roll off the line in 1998. Bad luck as it coincided with Asian Crisis, forcing Lee to sell Samsung Motors to Renault at a fire sale price in 2000. Thank God. A Korean woman stopped short of stepping into the fashion industry despite her large collection of Louis Vuitton and Prada handbags. 


 

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American North Korea Policy under the Next President 2: Trump – He will just Drop North Korea

Sun, 2020-10-25 01:26
American North Korea Policy under the Next President


This is the second part of a series for The National Interest on North Korea policy under the next president. Here is my first essay on Biden and North Korea.

I am of the school that says Trump’s outreach to North Korea was a great big nothingburger. More dovish analysts will tell you that there was a window there for a few years (2018-2019) to forge a deal. I don’t buy that, mostly because of Trump himself – his laziness, disinterest, unwillingness to prepare, and so on.

Instead I think Trump went into this solely for the symbolic imagery and a Nobel Peace Prize. Obama won a Nobel. Trump loathes Obama, so he had to get one too. I think it’s really as simple as that. That’s why there was no deal. The Trump team had not thought through the concessions which would be necessary to strike a deal. The North Koreans were going to ask for way more than just sanctions relief. Trump had nothing greater to offer – and bureaucratic resistance at home would have fought a serious concession like a US drawdown.

So my prediction for Trump and North Korea in a second Trump term is that he will do nothing. Trump has the pictures he wanted. He won’t get a Nobel, and he won’t fight the battles in Washington to offer concessions which NK might actually go for.

The full essay follows the jump:

 

 

If Donald Trump is re-elected, the possibilities for his Korea policy are wide open. Were Joe Biden elected, we can expect a fairly establishmentarian approach. Biden has already signaled a traditional hawkishness on North Korea – alliance reassurance, no summits with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, no Trumpian claims to a unique personal relationship with Kim, and so on. With Trump, as so often, unpredictability reigns. I see broad two possibilities:

1. Trump goes a for a deal with his ‘friend’ Kim Jong Un.

Trump and his team have hinted here and there this year that a re-elected Trump would strike a deal with Kim. The logic here is that Trump will be free from re-election pressures and can express himself more fully in a second term. And that Trump wants a deal because he deeply craves the expected adulation, including a Nobel Prize Peace perhaps, and cares little for the Korean peninsula. So he would comfortably sign even a balance-negative deal for the exciting imagery of a breakthrough on a long-standing problem.

A corollary of this approach is that Trump is a nationalist retrencher at heart. He would gladly trade away US Forces Korea for a deal with Kim, and if the South Koreans and US foreign policy community do not like it, well, who cares. Trump does not listen to foreigners or the American Deep State; he defends America First.

This describes a maximalist Trumpism, where Trump genuinely follows through on his transactional foreign policy impulses to abandon US allies as troublesome free-riders and cut deals with dictators whom he somewhat admires for their unchecked authority.

The problem with this scenario is that Trump would run into a wall of bureaucratic resistance in Washington, DC. Official Washington strongly supports the US alliance network. A bad deal with North Korea, particularly one which abandoned South Korea, would spark massive resistance in Congress, the Defense and State Departments, and the wider foreign policy community of think-tanks and analysts focused on East Asia. The criticism on US op-ed pages would be crushing, just as it was throughout 2018 and 2019 when Trump met Kim the first time. Then Trump’s efforts were widely derided as photo-op diplomacy, and in Hanoi in 2019, Trump admitted that he abjured a deal in part because of the domestic criticism he would face.

It is worth recalling that President Jimmy Carter also tried to pull USFK out of South Korea and collided with widespread resistance. In time, he simply gave up and only 3,000 US soldiers were withdrawn. A Trump deal with North Korea – likely burdened by the widespread perception that it is a bad deal struck solely out of Trump’s lust for publicity and a Nobel – would be met with the same fierce resistance. Trump, notorious for his laziness and inability to stay focused on issues over the long term, likely does not have the focus and self-discipline to fight a protracted battle with the rest of Washington.

2. Trump simply ignores Korea as not worth the trouble.

Given that Trump probably does not want to fight alone against the entire Washington establishment over a mid-size issue like Korea – if only because it is too much work for someone who would rather watch TV or surf Twitter – my sense is that he will simply drop the issue as he already has for the last year or so.

Perhaps he will have a summit with Kim, but at this point we know that these are not meaningful. They do not cap a long process of bureaucratic work with a treaty – as, for example, the Camp David Accords of 1978 did. Instead, Trump-Kim summits are better described as made-for-TV visits. So if Trump meets Kim again in 2021, without the requisite preparation yet again (which is likely), that summit will be irrelevant despite the inevitable hyperventilating TV coverage.

In the end, nothing much will happen here, just as nothing much happened here during the first Trump term. For all of Trump’s threats and then blandishments toward North Korea, the empirical situation on the ground in Korea is unchanged, as is US force structure in the region (and that of the two Koreas too). Maybe Trump will actually put some teeth on his Korean sound and fury, but so far, it has signified nothing, and it seems safe to predict that in the future too.

Robert E Kelly
Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University

@Robert_E_Kelly

 

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